The Strategies of Inter-Ethnic Adaptation of Estonian Russians

Jüri Kruusvall, Raivo Vetik, John W. Berry


Based on the inter-cultural relations model of John Berry, four different groups among Russian-speakers in Estonia were differentiated in the analysis of ‘Integration monitoring 2005’. The analysis reveals that both similarities and differences exist between the characteristics of these four groups and the groups in the typology of Berry (integration, assimilation, marginalisation, separation). The differences that emerged are related to the assimilation and integration strategies, which proved to be rather restrained for Russian-speakers in the current social and political context in Estonia. The analysis gives us ground to claim that the strong ethnic connotation of the current nation-state model in Estonia hinders finding a positive place in this country even for those Russian-speakers, who, in fact, would like to integrate.


inter-cultural relations; acculturation strategies; integration policy; Estonia; Russian-speakers

Full Text:




  • There are currently no refbacks.