20. sajandi esimese poole ajaloosündmuste jäädvustamisest ohvrite hauamonumentidega. Pärnu Vana pargi ühishauaja mälestusmärgi teemaline juhtumiuuring [On the Commemoration of the Historic Events of the First Half of the 20th Century with Grave Monuments]

Ülle Kraft


According to the European tradition, soldiers fallen in battle are either buried in their home cemetery or a military cemetery. In addition to cemeteries,memorials have been erected in places where there are no actual remains. However, at the behest of the central government of the Soviet Union, an opposite practice emerged in post-World War II Estonia: mass graves along with the memorials to mark them were also constructed outside of cemeteries. Thus, the memorials erected in those places are not monuments in a symbolic sense, but grave markers. As the people buried there are victims of war, they are also war graves.

(Longer version of the current abstract is included in the article, starting from p 229.)

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